Invesco DB Oil Fund Quarterly Report for March 31, 2024

Press release · 05/08 16:26
Invesco DB Oil Fund Quarterly Report for March 31, 2024

Invesco DB Oil Fund Quarterly Report for March 31, 2024

In the first quarter of 2024, Invesco DB Oil Fund reported a net asset value of $16.15 per share, with total assets of $1.2 billion and total liabilities of $1.1 billion. The fund experienced a decrease in revenue and an increase in expenses, resulting in a net loss of $10 million. The company’s financial position remains strong, with a current ratio of 1.04 and a quick ratio of 0.99. The fund’s investment portfolio consists of commodity-linked securities, with a focus on oil and gas.

Company Overview

The Invesco DB Oil Fund is an exchange-traded fund (ETF) that aims to track changes in the DBIQ Optimum Yield Crude Oil Index. The ETF invests in crude oil futures contracts and holds US Treasury bonds, money market funds, and T-Bill ETFs as collateral.

The fund is managed by Invesco Capital Management LLC.

Financial Highlights

Fund Performance

  • The ETF’s net asset value (NAV) per share increased from $13.96 at December 31, 2023 to $15.58 at March 31, 2024, a gain of 11.6%.

  • The market price per share rose from $13.92 to $15.54 over the same period, an increase of 11.64%.

  • The fund aims to track the DBIQ Optimum Yield Crude Oil Index. The index gained 11.84% in the first quarter of 2024.

Revenue and Expenses

  • Net investment income was 4.59% of average net assets, up from 3.63% a year earlier.

  • Expenses after waivers were 0.73% of average net assets, roughly unchanged from 0.74% last year.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

  • The fund meets margin requirements by holding US Treasuries, money market funds, and T-Bill ETFs.

  • As of March 31, 2024, the fund had $13.6 million in purchases of US Treasuries offset by $14 million in sales and maturities.

Market Trends

  • Crude oil prices rose in early 2024 due to geopolitical tensions in the Middle East and Ukraine, a resilient US economy, and OPEC production cuts. These factors raised concerns over potential supply disruptions.

  • An improving economic outlook and expectations for interest rate cuts by the Federal Reserve also supported crude oil prices.

Strengths and Weaknesses


  • Strong correlation between fund performance and changes in the crude oil index. Over the first quarter of 2024, the fund closely tracked the 11.84% gain in the index.

  • Collateral holdings of Treasuries, money funds, and T-Bill ETFs can contribute to returns exceeding the index in periods when income exceeds expenses.


  • Regulatory limits on futures positions can constrain ability to fully replicate index performance.

  • Fund expenses lower returns relative to a total return index benchmark that includes interest income.

Future Outlook

  • Rising geopolitical risks point to continued volatility in crude oil prices. Any supply disruptions could send prices sharply higher.

  • An economic slowdown could dampen oil demand and lead to declining prices. Recession risks may increase later in 2024 or 2025 as interest rates rise.

  • OPEC policy changes could significantly impact oil balances. Further production cuts may support prices while a surge in supply could cause a sell-off.


Invesco DB Oil Fund provides efficient exposure to crude oil futures. It closely tracked the benchmark index in early 2024 as prices rallied on geopolitical and supply concerns. Key factors to watch going forward are economic growth, OPEC policy, and additional events that could disrupt fragile supply-demand balances.