Calculating The Fair Value Of Réalités S.A. (EPA:ALREA)
Simply Wall St · 09/15 05:42

### Key Insights

• The projected fair value for Réalités is €25.77 based on Dividend Discount Model
• Réalités' €23.30 share price indicates it is trading at similar levels as its fair value estimate
• Réalités' peers are currently trading at a premium of 39% on average

How far off is Réalités S.A. (EPA:ALREA) from its intrinsic value? Using the most recent financial data, we'll take a look at whether the stock is fairly priced by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to their present value. Our analysis will employ the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. Believe it or not, it's not too difficult to follow, as you'll see from our example!

Companies can be valued in a lot of ways, so we would point out that a DCF is not perfect for every situation. If you want to learn more about discounted cash flow, the rationale behind this calculation can be read in detail in the Simply Wall St analysis model.

See our latest analysis for Réalités

## Step By Step Through The Calculation

As Réalités operates in the real estate sector, we need to calculate the intrinsic value slightly differently. In this approach dividends per share (DPS) are used, as free cash flow is difficult to estimate and often not reported by analysts. Unless a company pays out the majority of its FCF as a dividend, this method will typically underestimate the value of the stock. The 'Gordon Growth Model' is used, which simply assumes that dividend payments will continue to increase at a sustainable growth rate forever. The dividend is expected to grow at an annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 0.7%. We then discount this figure to today's value at a cost of equity of 8.3%. Compared to the current share price of €23.3, the company appears about fair value at a 9.6% discount to where the stock price trades currently. The assumptions in any calculation have a big impact on the valuation, so it is better to view this as a rough estimate, not precise down to the last cent.

Value Per Share = Expected Dividend Per Share / (Discount Rate - Perpetual Growth Rate)

= €2.0 / (8.3% – 0.7%)

= €25.8

## Important Assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Réalités as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 8.3%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.323. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

### SWOT Analysis for Réalités

Strength
• Earnings growth over the past year exceeded the industry.
• Debt is well covered by .
Weakness
• Interest payments on debt are not well covered.
• Dividend is low compared to the top 25% of dividend payers in the Real Estate market.
• Shareholders have been diluted in the past year.
Opportunity
• Annual earnings are forecast to grow faster than the French market.
• Good value based on P/E ratio and estimated fair value.
Threat
• Debt is not well covered by operating cash flow.
• Paying a dividend but company has no free cash flows.

## Next Steps:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation is only one of many factors that you need to assess for a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Instead the best use for a DCF model is to test certain assumptions and theories to see if they would lead to the company being undervalued or overvalued. For instance, if the terminal value growth rate is adjusted slightly, it can dramatically alter the overall result. For Réalités, we've put together three essential factors you should further research:

1. Risks: As an example, we've found 4 warning signs for Réalités (2 are a bit concerning!) that you need to consider before investing here.
2. Future Earnings: How does ALREA's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
3. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every French stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.