No shift in Australia defence policy after Xi meeting -diplomat
By Kirsty Needham and David Brunnstrom
SYDNEY/WASHINGTON, Nov 16 (Reuters) - A meeting between Australia's Prime Minister Anthony Albanese and Chinese President Xi Jinping is a step towards ties after years of diplomatic freeze but would bring a shift in Canberra's defence policy, Australian diplomats said.
The leaders met for 30 minutes on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Indonesia, Australia's first bilateral meeting with Xi since 2016. In public comments, both leaders acknowledged the difficulties in the relationship, and the to manage their differences.
Albanese said the AUKUS alliance with Britain and the United States to transfer submarine capability to Australia, which is opposed by China, was raised in the meeting by Xi.
Australia's ambassador to the United States, Arthur Sinodinos, said Canberra wanted to "take some of the heat out of the relationship" after dealing with China's "economic and trade coercion".
Australia asked China to remove trade sanctions imposed on a raft of agricultural and mineral exports.
Speaking about the Albanese-Xi meeting at an International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) event in Washington on Tuesday, Sinodinos said Australia's desire for a "more relationship with China", particularly on trade, did mean a change in its strategic policy settings.
"Our values and interests are reflected by the decisions we've taken by our participation in the Quad leaders meeting, our involvement in the creation of AUKUS with the U.S. and the UK," he said.
"And it's reflected in the action we're taking in terms of our military buildup, which is going to become quite significant over the few years," he added.
Defence Minister Richard Marles said in a speech on Monday that Australia would choose between diplomacy and defence.
"A commitment to stabilising our relationship with China does mean we won't also maintain a clear-eyed focus on our security," Marles said.
Australia and China have vied for security ties in the Pacific islands this year, amid concern from Washington and Canberra over Beijing's striking a security pact with the Solomon Islands.
Australia is a security pact with Papua New Guinea, whose leader James Marape will meet Xi at APEC in Bangkok this week, the PNG Post Courier reported.
"China and Australia will continue to have radically different visions of global and regional order, and the Albanese government will continue policies designed to balance China’s power in the Indo-Pacific and speak out on issues like human rights," said Richard Maude, Executive Director of the Asia Society Australia and a former diplomat.
Australia's former ambassador to China, Geoff Raby, said the Xi-Albanese meeting was the beginning of a process to resolve difficult trade issues and move towards ties.
"I avoid reset... there are a lot of issues that are stil difficult for us," Raby told ABC radio on Wednesday.
(Reporting by Kirsty Needham in Sydney and David Brunnstrom in Washington; Editing by Michael Perry)