Each day, Benzinga takes a look back at a notable market-related moment that occurred on this date.
What Happened? On this day in 1997, Walmart Inc (NYSE:WMT), Johnson & Johnson (NYSE:JNJ), Travelers Companies Inc (NYSE:TRV) and Hewlett Packard Enterprise Co (NYSE:HPE) joined the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
Where The Market Was: The S&P 500 traded at 795.71 and the Dow traded at 6,955.48.
What Else Was Going On In The World? In 1997, Princess Diana was killed in a car crash in Paris, France. The average cost of a new house was $124,100.
Modernizing The Dow: The 1997 shuffle of the Dow Jones Industrial Average components represented an updating of the index from the old industrial U.S. economy to the modern tech and healthcare-driven economy.
The four new additions replaced Westinghouse Electric Corp., Texaco Inc., Bethlehem Steel Corp. and Woolworth Corp.
Westinghouse, Bethlehem and Woolworth were original Dow components.
At the time, Johnson & Johnson was the ninth-largest U.S. stock with around an $85 billion market cap. Walmart was the 11th largest with an $81 billion market cap.
By late 2008, Walmart had grown to a market cap of more than $200 billion and was the second most valuable stock in the market.
Today, Johnson & Johnson is the 13th most valuable public company with a $423 billion market cap and Walmart is the 15th most valuable with a $371 billion market cap.
Westinghouse changed its name to CBS Corporation (NASDAQ:CBS) later that year. Bethlehem Steel filed for bankruptcy in 2001 and was dissolved in 2003. Woolworth pivoted to athletic apparel and changed its name to Foot Locker, Inc. (NYSE:FL) in 2001. Texaco was acquired by Chevron Corporation (NYSE:CVX) in 2002.