# Calculating The Intrinsic Value Of Hiwin Technologies Corporation (TWSE:2049)

Simply Wall St · 08/30 23:07

### Key Insights

• The projected fair value for Hiwin Technologies is NT\$193 based on 2 Stage Free Cash Flow to Equity
• Hiwin Technologies' NT\$216 share price indicates it is trading at similar levels as its fair value estimate
• Analyst price target for 2049 is NT\$227, which is 18% above our fair value estimate

How far off is Hiwin Technologies Corporation (TWSE:2049) from its intrinsic value? Using the most recent financial data, we'll take a look at whether the stock is fairly priced by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to today's value. We will take advantage of the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model for this purpose. Believe it or not, it's not too difficult to follow, as you'll see from our example!

Companies can be valued in a lot of ways, so we would point out that a DCF is not perfect for every situation. If you still have some burning questions about this type of valuation, take a look at the Simply Wall St analysis model.

Check out our latest analysis for Hiwin Technologies

## Step By Step Through The Calculation

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

#### 10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 Levered FCF (NT\$, Millions) NT\$1.72b NT\$2.62b NT\$2.97b NT\$3.26b NT\$3.49b NT\$3.67b NT\$3.82b NT\$3.93b NT\$4.03b NT\$4.11b Growth Rate Estimate Source Analyst x5 Analyst x5 Est @ 13.40% Est @ 9.69% Est @ 7.09% Est @ 5.27% Est @ 3.99% Est @ 3.10% Est @ 2.48% Est @ 2.04% Present Value (NT\$, Millions) Discounted @ 6.2% NT\$1.6k NT\$2.3k NT\$2.5k NT\$2.6k NT\$2.6k NT\$2.6k NT\$2.5k NT\$2.4k NT\$2.4k NT\$2.3k

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = NT\$24b

After calculating the present value of future cash flows in the initial 10-year period, we need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all future cash flows beyond the first stage. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 1.0%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 6.2%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2034 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = NT\$4.1b× (1 + 1.0%) ÷ (6.2%– 1.0%) = NT\$81b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= NT\$81b÷ ( 1 + 6.2%)10= NT\$45b

The total value is the sum of cash flows for the next ten years plus the discounted terminal value, which results in the Total Equity Value, which in this case is NT\$68b. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of NT\$216, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

## Important Assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. If you don't agree with these result, have a go at the calculation yourself and play with the assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Hiwin Technologies as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 6.2%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.059. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

### SWOT Analysis for Hiwin Technologies

Strength
• Debt is not viewed as a risk.
• Dividends are covered by earnings and cash flows.
Weakness
• Earnings declined over the past year.
• Dividend is low compared to the top 25% of dividend payers in the Machinery market.
• Expensive based on P/E ratio and estimated fair value.
Opportunity
• Annual earnings are forecast to grow faster than the Taiwanese market.
Threat
• Annual revenue is forecast to grow slower than the Taiwanese market.

## Next Steps:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation shouldn't be the only metric you look at when researching a company. The DCF model is not a perfect stock valuation tool. Rather it should be seen as a guide to "what assumptions need to be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?" For instance, if the terminal value growth rate is adjusted slightly, it can dramatically alter the overall result. For Hiwin Technologies, there are three fundamental aspects you should further research:

1. Financial Health: Does 2049 have a healthy balance sheet? Take a look at our free balance sheet analysis with six simple checks on key factors like leverage and risk.
2. Future Earnings: How does 2049's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
3. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the TWSE every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.